Study 52 terms microsoft office flashcards quizlet. Firmware is held in nonvolatile memory devices such as rom, eprom, or flash memory. A form of nonvolatile ram that is typically smaller, lighter, and more energy efficient than a hard drive, used especially in handheld and portable. So youre choosing a usb pen drive lets say youve read this site, done some research on your own, and decided its time to set about choosing a. Another limitation is that flash memory has a finite number of program erase cycles. With flash, users can draw their own animations or import other vectorbased images. On most computers, youll be alerted that the flash drive was inserted and the contents of the drive will appear on the screen, similar to how other drives on your computer appear when you browse for files. In the past, they were identified and referenced correctly, but today memory may refer to either one. The name comes from how the memory is designed a section of memory cells can be erased in a single action or in a flash.
Computer software, also called software, is a set of instructions and its associated documentations that tells a computer what to do or how to perform a task. Flash memory was first introduced in the 1980s and since then it has been used in many applications and products. Comprised of cells that hold a charge without power, flash memory is extremely durable and used in just about every electronic device, including cameras, smartphones, tablets, music players and usb drives. Flash memory dictionary definition flash memory defined. What is flash memory, usb pen drive basic information. In computing, firmware is a specific class of computer software that provides the lowlevel control for the devices specific hardware. Although a computer can function only when both hardware and software are working together, the speed of a system will largely rely on the hardware used. Firmware can either provide a standardized operating environment for the devices more complex software allowing more hardwareindependence, or, for less complex devices. Data storage in an inmemory database relies on a computer s random access memory ram or main memory instead of traditional disk drives. It has the ability to be electronically reprogrammed and erased. A common use of flash memory is to store the bios settings in a computers rom. Vectorian giotto flash html5 web video player adobe flash professional cc free flash to mp4 co. Flash allows web developers to incorporate animations and interactive content into their websites.
Flash memory definition of flash memory by the free dictionary. Nand flash programs data in pages, which are larger than bytes, but smaller. The electrons in the cells of a flashmemory chip can be returned to normal 1 by the application of an electric field, a highervoltage charge. The electrons in the cells of a flash memory chip can be returned to normal 1 by the application of an electric field, a highervoltage charge. Flash memory article about flash memory by the free. Flash memory or a flash ram is a type of nonvolatile semiconductor memory device where stored data exists even when memory device is not electrically powered. Firmware is a software program or set of instructions programmed on a hardware device. The nand type is primarily used in main memory, memory cards, usb flash drives, solidstate. Flash memory sometimes called flash ram is a distinct eeprom that can read blockwise.
All usb flash memory centers are free of batteries, free of additional software or cables, and are compatible with any computers that have a usb port. Flash memory is an electronic nonvolatile computer storage device that can be electrically erased and reprogrammed. A type of nonvolatile readonly memory rom that can store data or programs, be erased, and be used again. In fact, flash memory is known as a solid state storage device, meaning there are no moving parts everything is electronic instead of mechanical. Software is defined as the virtual programs that run on your computer. Computer dictionary definition for what flash memory means including related links, information, and terms. As long as different browsers are equipped with the necessary plugins, flash animations will look the same. It provides the necessary instructions for how the device communicates with the other computer hardware. Flash memory is a memory storage device for computers and electronics. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. It was first invented by fujio masuoka in the early 1980s while at toshiba and introduced it to the market in 1984. It is a variation of electrically erasable programmable readonly memory eeprom which, unlike flash memory, is erased and rewritten at the byte level, which is slower. It is most often used in devices like digital cameras, usb flash drives, and video games. Flash storage for computer memory comes in a variety of interfaces, including usb, sas, sata, m.
We want to ensure these videos are always appropriate to use in the classroom. Software includes all different software programs on a computer, such as applications and the operating system. Download and install the best free apps for flash software on windows, mac, ios, and android from cnet download. In computing, memory refers to a device that is used to store information for immediate use in a computer or related computer hardware device. The two transistors are separated from each other by a thin oxide layer.
Software simple english wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Flash drive definition the tech terms computer dictionary. Unit 1basic terms, operating system and application software. The term memory is often synonymous with the term primary storage. It was originally developed by futurewave and known as future splash animator. It is often found in usb flash drives, mp3 players, digital cameras and solidstate drives. Many modern pcs have their bios stored on a flash memory chip so that it can easily be updated if necessary. Comprised of cells that hold a charge without power, flash memory is extremely durable and used in just about every electronic device, including cameras, smartphones. The best free flash software app downloads for windows. Eeprom pronounce as eeprom stands for electrically erasable programmable readonly memory. When you see flash on the web, it most likely refers to adobe flash, a multimedia technology. Firmware is typically stored in the flash rom of a hardware device.
Jun 22, 2017 ocr specification reference section 1. It was developed in the 1980s from the earlier and similar eeprom. Most usb flash drives are removable and rewritable. Nor flash is the preferred technology for flash devices used to store and run code, usually in small capacities. Flash memory basics and its interface to a processor. A common use of flash memory is to store the bios settings in a computer s rom. This memory is used as the computer begins to boot up. The two main types of flash memory are named after the nand and nor logic gates.
Flash memory is widely used for storage and data transfer in consumer devices, enterprise systems and industrial applications. In gadgets like digital cameras and small mp3 players, flash memory is used instead of a hard drive. Nand, which is mainly used for storage, may also be used, in which case the program in nand is loaded into ram for execution see nand flash. Visit the official band site for upcoming tour information, indepth individual bios, updates on current happenings, photos, song lyrics. Storage and memory are the two major holding areas in a computer, tablet or smartphone. Small programs called firmware are often stored in rom chips on hardware devices like a bios chip, and they contain instructions the computer can use in performing some of the most basic operations required to operate hardware devices. It typically refers to semiconductor memory, specifically metaloxidesemiconductor mos memory, where data is stored within mos memory cells on a silicon integrated circuit chip. Flash memory is an electronic solidstate nonvolatile computer memory storage medium that can be electrically erased and reprogrammed. All three are kinds of computer memory, but ram, rom, and flash memory interact each in their own way with the data that they store. This erases the targeted area of the chip, which can then be. It has a grid of columns and rows with a cell that has two transistors at each intersection see image below.
It is a nonvolatile rom chip which used for storing a small amount of data in computers or some other electronic devices. The larger their storage space, the faster they tend to operate. Flash memory is an electronic solidstate nonvolatile computer memory storage medium that. Nvram chips are being developed that provide a more persistent memory than flash. While flash was the name of a popular superhero in the 1970s, today the term refers to something completely different. Flash memory definition of flash memory by the free. Flash memory is a type of electronically erasable programmable. Flash memory uses incircuit wiring to apply the electric field either to the entire chip or to predetermined sections known as blocks. A usb flash drive is a device used for data storage that includes a flash memory and an integrated universal serial bus usb interface. In fact, flash memory is known as a solid state storage device, meaning there are no moving parts. Find out inside pcmags comprehensive tech and computer related encyclopedia. Flash memory is a type of electrically erasable programmable readonly memory eeprom. Flash memory is commonly used in memory cards for cameras and video recording devices and is used by solid state drives to store your data.
Sds software defined storage nor architecture is one of two technologies the other being nand used in memory cards. Flash memory definition the tech terms computer dictionary. To use a flash drive, just insert the drive into a free usb port on the computer. It is provided for general information only and should not be relied upon as complete or accurate. Flash, a popular authoring software developed by macromedia, is used to create vector graphicsbased animation programs with fullscreen navigation interfaces, graphic illustrations, and simple interactivity in an antialiased, resizable file format that is small enough to stream across a normal modem connection. Changing the firmware of a device was rarely or never done during its lifetime in the past but is nowadays a common procedure. Data is loaded into an inmemory database in a compressed and nonrelational format. Once the software is loaded into the computer s memory, the processor is able to read it. Flash, a popular authoring software developed by macromedia, is used to create vector graphics based animation programs with fullscreen navigation interfaces, graphic illustrations, and simple interactivity in an antialiased, resizable file format that is small enough to stream across a normal modem connection. Another limitation is that flash memory has a finite number of program erase cycles typically written as pe cycles. Flash memory definition, a type of reprogrammable memory that retains information even with the power turned off.
Regardless of what you call them, they all refer to the same thing, which is a small data storage device that uses flash memory and has a builtin usb connection. Flash memory is eeprom electronically erasable programmable readonly memory. In a computer, a nand flash solid state drive ssd functions like a hard drive for both program and data storage see ftl. Flash memory known as flash storage is a type of nonvolatile storage memory that can be written or programmed in units called sector or a block.
Flash was known as futuresplash until 1997, when macromedia inc. Common debugger tasks flash memory tool overview burning a data file. Introduction to computers and software applications. Flash memory is eeprom electronically erasable programmable readonly memory means that it can retain its contents when the power supply removed, but whose contents can be quickly erased and rewritten at the byte level by applying a short pulse of higher voltage. Embedded flash definition of embedded flash by the free. Nov 12, 2019 to use a flash drive, just insert the drive into a free usb port on the computer. Alternatively referred to as flash storage, flash memory is nonvolatile computer memory. Flash memory is a type of eeprom chip, which stands for electronically erasable programmable read only memory. Flash drives have many names jump drives, thumb drives, pen drives, and usb keychain drives. Flash memory is also popular in modems because it enables the modem manufacturer to support new protocols as they become standardized. Start studying unit 1basic terms, operating system and application software. Usb memory sticks, compact flash cards, sd memory cards, computer nonvolatile memory, solid state hard drives and more. It was developed in the 1980s from the earlier and similar eeprom flash memory is different from ram because ram is volatile not permanent.
Flash memory sometimes called flash ram is a type of constantlypowered nonvolatile memory that can be erased and reprogrammed in units of memory called blocks. Because of this, most microprocessors can use nor flash memory as execute in place xip memory, meaning that programs stored in. It is smaller, lighter, and more energy efficient than a hard drive, making it particularly useful in handheld devices. Flash memory is a nonvolatile memory chip used for storage and for transfering data between a personal computer pc and digital devices. Mar 07, 2018 flash memory is a nonvolatile memory chip used for storage and for transfering data between a personal computer pc and digital devices. The new products are embedded flash memory devices that integrate bics flash 3d flash memory and. Flash memory white papers, software downloads, definition and. Flash definition the tech terms computer dictionary. The program then becomes a process, and the user can interact with it. Flash memory, also known as flash storage, is a type of nonvolatile memory that erases data in units called blocks and rewrites data at the byte level. See nonvolatile memory, flash bios, fota and wares. Flash memory is used for easy and fast information storage in computers, digital cameras and home video game consoles.
Short for adobe flash, flash is software that allows users to create animated works that are saved as. Flash is the least expensive form of semiconductor memory. Unlike dynamic random access memory and static ram, flash memory is nonvolatile, offers lower power consumption and can be erased in large blocks. Flash memory article about flash memory by the free dictionary. This definition explains the meaning of nonvolatile flash memory, also known as. Flash memory known as flash storage is a type of nonvolatile. Volatile memory is computer storage that only maintains its data while the device is powered. Nor and nand flash memory nor is the type of flash memory typically used for software because individual instructions can be executed in place. Sep 19, 2016 this is a computer translation of the original content. Flash memory simple english wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.1544 774 1450 406 1359 240 1032 466 257 355 781 618 510 421 434 702 698 679 658 1126 1166 457 595 1293 1436 143 508 574 941 496 1350